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North Carolina General Statutes
Chapter 47: Probate and Registration.

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Article 1 - Probate. [HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-1 47-1. Officials of State authorized to take probate.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-2 47-2. Officials of the United States, foreign countries, and sister states.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-2.1 47-2.1. Validation of instruments proved before officers of certain ranks.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-2.2 47-2.2. Notary public of sister state; lack of seal or stamp or expiration date of commission.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-3 47-3: Repealed by Session Laws 1987, c. 620, s. 3.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-4 47-4. Repealed by Session Laws 1971, c. 1185, s. 10.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-5 47-5. When seal of officer necessary to probate.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-6 47-6. Officials may act although land or maker's residence elsewhere.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-7 47-7: Repealed by Session Laws 1987, c. 620, s. 3.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-8 47-8: Repealed by Session Laws 1991, c. 543, s. 1.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-8.1 47-8.1. Certain documents verified by attorneys validated.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-9 47-9. Probates before stockholders in building and loan associations.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-10 47-10. Probate before stockholders or directors in banking corporations.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-11 47-11. Subpoenas to maker and subscribing witnesses.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-12 47-12. Proof of attested instrument by subscribing witness.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-12.1 47-12.1. Proof of attested instrument by proof of handwriting.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-12.2 47-12.2. Subscribing witness incompetent when grantee or beneficiary.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-13 47-13. Proof of unattested writing.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-13.1 47-13.1. Certificate of officer taking proof of instrument.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-14 47-14. Register of deeds to verify the presence of proof or acknowledgement and register instruments and electronic documents; order by judge; instruments to which register of deeds is a party.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-14.1 47-14.1. Repeal of laws requiring private examination of married women.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-15 47-15. Repealed by Session Laws 1985, c. 589, s. 26, effective January 1, 1986.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-16 47-16. Probate of corporate deeds, where corporation has ceased to exist.[HTML] [RTF]
Article 1A - Uniform Real Property Electronic Recording Act. [HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-16.1 47-16.1. Short title.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-16.2 47-16.2. Definitions.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-16.3 47-16.3. Validity of electronic documents.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-16.4 47-16.4. Recording of documents.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-16.5 47-16.5. Administration and standards.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-16.6 47-16.6. Uniformity of application and construction.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-16.7 47-16.7. Relation to Electronic Signatures in Global and National Commerce Act.[HTML] [RTF]
Article 2 - Registration. [HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-17 47-17. Probate and registration sufficient without livery of seizin, etc.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-17.1 47-17.1. Documents registered or ordered to be registered in certain counties to designate draftsman; exceptions.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-17.2 47-17.2. Assignments of mortgages, deeds of trust, or other agreements pledging real property as security.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-18 47-18. Conveyances, contracts to convey, options and leases of land.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-18.1 47-18.1. Registration of certificate of corporate merger, consolidation, or conversion.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-18.2 47-18.2. Registration of Inheritance and Estate Tax Waiver.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-18.3 47-18.3. Execution of corporate instruments; authority and proof.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-19 47-19. Unregistered deeds prior to January, 1920, registered on affidavit.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-20 47-20. Deeds of trust, mortgages, conditional sales contracts, assignments of leases and rents; effect of registration.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-20.1 47-20.1. Place of registration; real property.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-20.2 47-20.2. Place of registration; personal property.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-20.3 47-20.3. Place of registration; instruments covering both personal property and real property.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-20.4 47-20.4. Place of registration; chattel real.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-20.5 47-20.5. Real property; effectiveness of after-acquired property clause.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-20.6 47-20.6. Affidavit for permanent attachment of titled manufactured home to real property.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-20.7 47-20.7. Declaration of intent to affix manufactured home; transfer of real property with manufactured home attached.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-21 47-21. Blank or master forms of mortgages, etc.; embodiment by reference in instruments later filed.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-22 47-22. Counties may provide for photographic or photostatic registration.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-23 47-23. Repealed by Session Laws 1953, c. 1190, s. 3.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-24 47-24. Conditional sales or leases of railroad property.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-25 47-25. Marriage settlements.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-26 47-26. Deeds of gift.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-27 47-27. Deeds of easements.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-28 47-28. Powers of attorney.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-29 47-29. Recording of bankruptcy records.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-29.1 47-29.1. Recordation of environmental notices.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-30 47-30. Plats and subdivisions; mapping requirements.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-30.1 47-30.1. Plats and subdivisions; alternative requirements.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-30.2 47-30.2. Review Officer.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-31 47-31. Certified copies may be registered; used as evidence.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-32 47-32. Photographic copies of plats, etc.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-32.1 47-32.1. Photostatic copies of plats, etc.; alternative provisions.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-32.2 47-32.2. Violation of 47-30 or 47-32 a misdemeanor.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-33 47-33. Certified copies of deeds made by alien property custodian may be registered.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-34 47-34. Certified copies of deeds made by alien property custodian admissible in evidence.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-35 47-35. Register to fill in deeds on blank forms with lines.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-36 47-36. Errors in registration corrected on petition to clerk.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-36.1 47-36.1. Correction of errors in recorded instruments.[HTML] [RTF]
Article 3 - Forms of Acknowledgment, Probate and Order of Registration. [HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-37 47-37: Repealed by Session Laws 2005-123, s. 3, effective October 1, 2005.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-37.1 47-37.1. Other forms of proof.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-38 47-38. Acknowledgment by grantor.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-39 47-39. Repealed by Session Laws 1977, c. 375, s. 16, effective January 1, 1978.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-40 47-40. Husband's acknowledgment and wife's acknowledgment before the same officer.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-41 47-41: Repealed by Session Laws 1991, c. 647, s. 3.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-41.01 47-41.01. Corporate conveyances.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-41.02 47-41.02. Other forms of probate for corporate conveyances.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-41.1 47-41.1. Corporate seal.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-41.2 47-41.2. Technical defects.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-42 47-42. Attestation of bank conveyances by secretary or cashier.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-43 47-43. Form of certificate of acknowledgment of instrument executed by attorney-in-fact.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-43.1 47-43.1. Execution and acknowledgment of instruments by attorneys or attorneys-in-fact.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-43.2 47-43.2. Officer's certificate upon proof of instrument by subscribing witness.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-43.3 47-43.3. Officer's certificate upon proof of instrument by proof of signature of maker.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-43.4 47-43.4. Officer's certificate upon proof of instrument by proof of signature of subscribing witness.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-44 47-44. Clerk's certificate upon probate by justice of peace or magistrate.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-45 47-45. Clerk's certificate upon probate by nonresident official without seal.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-46 47-46: Repealed by Session Laws 2005-123, s. 4, effective October 1, 2005.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-46.1 47-46.1. Notice of satisfaction of deed of trust, mortgage, or other instrument.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-46.2 47-46.2. Certificate of satisfaction of deed of trust, mortgage, or other instrument.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-46.3 47-46.3. Affidavit of lost note.[HTML] [RTF]
Article 4 - Curative Statutes; Acknowledgments; Probates; Registration. [HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-47 47-47. Defective order of registration; "same" for "this instrument".[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-48 47-48. Clerks' and registers of deeds' certificate failing to pass on all prior certificates.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-49 47-49. Defective certification or adjudication of clerk, etc., admitting to registration.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-50 47-50. Order of registration omitted.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-50.1 47-50.1. Register's certificate omitted.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-51 47-51. Official deeds omitting seals.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-52 47-52. Defective acknowledgment on old deeds validated.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-53 47-53. Probates omitting official seals, etc.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-53.1 47-53.1. Acknowledgment omitting seal of clerk or notary public.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-54 47-54. Registration by register's deputies or clerks.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-54.1 47-54.1. Registration by register's assistants or deputies.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-55 47-55. Before officer in wrong capacity or out of jurisdiction.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-56 47-56. Before justices of peace, where clerk's certificate or order of registration defective.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-57 47-57. Probates on proof of handwriting of maker refusing to acknowledge.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-58 47-58. Before judges of Supreme Court or superior courts or clerks before 1889.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-59 47-59. Before clerks of inferior courts.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-60 47-60. Order of registration by judge, where clerk party.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-61 47-61. Order of registration by interested clerk.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-62 47-62. Probates before interested notaries.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-63 47-63. Probates before officer of interested corporation.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-64 47-64. Probates before officers, stockholders or directors of corporations.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-65 47-65. Clerk's deeds, where clerk appointed himself to sell.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-66 47-66. Certificate of wife's "previous" examination.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-67 47-67. Probates of husband and wife in wrong order.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-68 47-68. Probates of husband and wife before different officers.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-69 47-69. Wife free trader; no examination or husband's assent.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-70 47-70. By president and attested by treasurer under corporate seal.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-71 47-71. By president and attested by witness before January, 1900.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-71.1 47-71.1. Corporate seal omitted prior to January 1, 2000.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-72 47-72. Corporate name not affixed, but signed otherwise prior to April 1, 2013.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-73 47-73. Probated and registered on oath of subscribing witness.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-74 47-74. Certificate alleging examination of grantor instead of witness.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-75 47-75. Proof of corporate articles before officer authorized to probate.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-76 47-76. Before officials of wrong state.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-77 47-77. Before notaries and clerks in other states.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-78 47-78. Acknowledgment by resident taken out-of-state.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-79 47-79. Before deputy clerks of courts of other states.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-80 47-80. Sister state probates without Governor's authentication.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-81 47-81. Before commissioners of deeds.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-81.1 47-81.1. Before commissioner of oaths.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-81.2 47-81.2. Before United States Army, etc., officers, and other service members.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-82 47-82. Foreign probates omitting seals.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-83 47-83. Before consuls general.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-84 47-84. Before vice-consuls and vice-consuls general.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-85 47-85. Before masters in chancery.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-85.1 47-85.1. Further as to acknowledgments, etc., before masters in chancery.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-86 47-86. Validation of probate of deeds by clerks of courts of record of other states, where official seal is omitted.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-87 47-87. Validation of probates by different officers of deeds by wife and husband.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-88 47-88. Registration without formal order validated.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-89 47-89. Same subject.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-90 47-90. Validation of acknowledgments taken by notaries public holding other office.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-91 47-91. Validation of certain probates of deeds before consular agents of the United States.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-92 47-92. Probates before stockholders and directors of banks.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-93 47-93. Acknowledgments taken by stockholder, officer, or director of bank.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-94 47-94. Acknowledgment and registration by officer or stockholder in building and loan or savings and loan association.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-95 47-95. Acknowledgments taken by notaries interested as trustee or holding other office.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-96 47-96. Validation of instruments registered without probate.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-97 47-97. Validation of corporate deed with mistake as to officer's name.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-97.1 47-97.1. Validation of corporate deeds containing error in acknowledgment or probate.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-98 47-98. Registration on defective probates beyond State.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-99 47-99. Certificates of clerks without seal.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-100 47-100. Acknowledgments taken by officer who was grantor.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-101 47-101. Seal of acknowledging officer omitted; deeds made presumptive evidence.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-102 47-102. Absence of notarial seal.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-103 47-103. Deeds probated and registered with notary's seal not affixed, validated.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-104 47-104. Acknowledgments of notary holding another office.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-105 47-105. Acknowledgment and private examination of married woman taken by officer who was grantor.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-106 47-106. Certain instruments in which clerk of superior court was a party, validated.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-107 47-107. Validation of probate and registration of certain instruments where name of grantor omitted from record.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-108 47-108. Acknowledgments before notaries under age.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-108.1 47-108.1. Certain corporate deeds, etc., declared validly admitted to record.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-108.2 47-108.2. Acknowledgments and examinations before notaries holding some other office.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-108.3 47-108.3. Validation of acts of certain notaries public prior to November 26, 1921.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-108.4 47-108.4. Acknowledgments, etc., of instruments of married women made since February 7, 1945.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-108.5 47-108.5. Validation of certain deeds executed in other states where seal omitted.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-108.6 47-108.6. Validation of certain conveyances of foreign dissolved corporations.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-108.7 47-108.7. Validation of acknowledgments, etc., by deputy clerks of superior court.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-108.8 47-108.8. Acts of registers of deeds or deputies in recording plats and maps by certain methods validated.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-108.9 47-108.9. Validation of probate of instruments pursuant to 47-12.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-108.10 47-108.10. Validation of registration of plats upon probate in accordance with 47-30.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-108.11 47-108.11. Validation of recorded instruments where seals have been omitted.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-108.12 47-108.12. Validation of instruments acknowledged before United States commissioners.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-108.13 47-108.13. Validation of certain instruments registered prior to January 1, 1934.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-108.14 47-108.14. Conveyances by the United States acting by and through the General Services Administration.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-108.15 47-108.15. Validation of registration of instruments filed before order of registration.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-108.16 47-108.16. Validation of certain deeds executed by nonresident banks.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-108.17 47-108.17. Validation of certain deeds where official capacity not designated.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-108.18 47-108.18. Registration of certain instruments containing a notarial jurat validated.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-108.18A 47-108.18A. Registration of certain instruments containing a notarial acknowledgment.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-108.18B 47-108.18B. Registration of certain instruments containing a notarial jurat.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-108.19 47-108.19. Validation of certain maps and plats that cannot be copied.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-108.20 47-108.20. Validation of certain recorded instruments that were not acknowledged.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-108.21 47-108.21. Sales for 1930 on dates other than first Monday in June validated.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-108.22 47-108.22. Tax sales for 1931-32 on day other than law provides and certificates validated.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-108.23 47-108.23. Tax sales for 1933-34 and certificates validated.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-108.24 47-108.24. Notices of sale for taxes by publication validated.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-108.25 47-108.25. Validation of sales and resales held pursuant to 105-374.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-108.26 47-108.26. Validation of reconveyances of tax foreclosed property by county boards of commissioners.[HTML] [RTF]
Article 5 - Registration of Official Discharges from the Armed Forces of the United States. [HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-109 47-109. Book for record of discharges in office of register of deeds; specifications.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-110 47-110. Registration of official discharge or certificate of lost discharge.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-111 47-111. Inquiry by register of deeds; oath of applicant.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-112 47-112. Forgery or alteration of discharge or certificate; punishment.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-113 47-113. Certified copy of registration.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-113.1 47-113.1: Repealed by Session Laws 2003-248, s. 1, effective January 1, 2004.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-113.2 47-113.2. Restricting access to military discharge documents.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-114 47-114. Payment of expenses incurred.[HTML] [RTF]
Article 6 - Registration and Execution of Instruments Signed under a Power of Attorney. [HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-115 47-115. Execution in name of either principal or attorney-in-fact; indexing in names of both.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-115.1 47-115.1. Repealed by Session Laws 1983, c. 626, s. 2, effective October 1, 1983.[HTML] [RTF]
Article 7 - Private Examination of Married Women Abolished. [HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-116 47-116. Transferred to G.S. 47-14.1 by Session Laws 1951, c. 893.[HTML] [RTF]
Article 8 - Memoranda of Leases and Options. [HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-117 47-117. Forms do not preclude use of others; adaptation of forms.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-118 47-118. Forms of registration of lease.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-119 47-119. Form of memorandum for option to purchase real estate.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-119.1 47-119.1. Form of memorandum for contract to purchase real estate.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-120 47-120. Memorandum as notice.[HTML] [RTF]