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NOTE: The Statutes on the North Carolina General Assembly website reflect changes made in the 2016 Regular Session. The changes do not include the 4th Special Session held in December 2016. The changes from all Sessions are listed in the NC Statutes and Session Laws affected by ratified bills documents.

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North Carolina General Statutes
Chapter 47: Probate and Registration.

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Article 1 - Probate. [HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-1 47-1. Officials of State authorized to take probate.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-2 47-2. Officials of the United States, foreign countries, and sister states.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-2.1 47-2.1. Validation of instruments proved before officers of certain ranks.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-2.2 47-2.2. Notary public of sister state; lack of seal or stamp or expiration date of commission.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-3 47-3: Repealed by Session Laws 1987, c. 620, s. 3.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-4 47-4. Repealed by Session Laws 1971, c. 1185, s. 10.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-5 47-5. When seal of officer necessary to probate.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-6 47-6. Officials may act although land or maker's residence elsewhere.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-7 47-7: Repealed by Session Laws 1987, c. 620, s. 3.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-8 47-8: Repealed by Session Laws 1991, c. 543, s. 1.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-8.1 47-8.1. Certain documents verified by attorneys validated.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-9 47-9. Probates before stockholders in building and loan associations.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-10 47-10. Probate before stockholders or directors in banking corporations.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-11 47-11. Subpoenas to maker and subscribing witnesses.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-12 47-12. Proof of attested instrument by subscribing witness.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-12.1 47-12.1. Proof of attested instrument by proof of handwriting.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-12.2 47-12.2. Subscribing witness incompetent when grantee or beneficiary.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-13 47-13. Proof of unattested writing.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-13.1 47-13.1. Certificate of officer taking proof of instrument.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-14 47-14. Register of deeds to verify the presence of proof or acknowledgement and register instruments and electronic documents; order by judge; instruments to which register of deeds is a party.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-14.1 47-14.1. Repeal of laws requiring private examination of married women.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-15 47-15. Repealed by Session Laws 1985, c. 589, s. 26, effective January 1, 1986.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-16 47-16. Probate of corporate deeds, where corporation has ceased to exist.[HTML] [RTF]
Article 1A - Uniform Real Property Electronic Recording Act. [HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-16.1 47-16.1. Short title.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-16.2 47-16.2. Definitions.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-16.3 47-16.3. Validity of electronic documents.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-16.4 47-16.4. Recording of documents.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-16.5 47-16.5. Administration and standards.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-16.6 47-16.6. Uniformity of application and construction.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-16.7 47-16.7. Relation to Electronic Signatures in Global and National Commerce Act.[HTML] [RTF]
Article 2 - Registration. [HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-17 47-17. Probate and registration sufficient without livery of seizin, etc.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-17.1 47-17.1. Documents registered or ordered to be registered in certain counties to designate draftsman; exceptions.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-17.2 47-17.2. Assignments of mortgages, deeds of trust, or other agreements pledging real property as security.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-18 47-18. Conveyances, contracts to convey, options and leases of land.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-18.1 47-18.1. Registration of certificate of corporate merger, consolidation, or conversion.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-18.2 47-18.2. Registration of Inheritance and Estate Tax Waiver.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-18.3 47-18.3. Execution of corporate instruments; authority and proof.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-19 47-19. Unregistered deeds prior to January, 1920, registered on affidavit.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-20 47-20. Deeds of trust, mortgages, conditional sales contracts, assignments of leases and rents; effect of registration.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-20.1 47-20.1. Place of registration; real property.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-20.2 47-20.2. Place of registration; personal property.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-20.3 47-20.3. Place of registration; instruments covering both personal property and real property.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-20.4 47-20.4. Place of registration; chattel real.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-20.5 47-20.5. Real property; effectiveness of after-acquired property clause.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-20.6 47-20.6. Affidavit for permanent attachment of titled manufactured home to real property.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-20.7 47-20.7. Declaration of intent to affix manufactured home; transfer of real property with manufactured home attached.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-21 47-21. Blank or master forms of mortgages, etc.; embodiment by reference in instruments later filed.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-22 47-22. Counties may provide for photographic or photostatic registration.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-23 47-23. Repealed by Session Laws 1953, c. 1190, s. 3.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-24 47-24. Conditional sales or leases of railroad property.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-25 47-25. Marriage settlements.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-26 47-26. Deeds of gift.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-27 47-27. Deeds of easements.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-28 47-28. Powers of attorney.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-29 47-29. Recording of bankruptcy records.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-29.1 47-29.1. Recordation of environmental notices.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-30 47-30. Plats and subdivisions; mapping requirements.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-30.1 47-30.1. Plats and subdivisions; alternative requirements.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-30.2 47-30.2. Review Officer.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-31 47-31. Certified copies may be registered; used as evidence.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-32 47-32. Photographic copies of plats, etc.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-32.1 47-32.1. Photostatic copies of plats, etc.; alternative provisions.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-32.2 47-32.2. Violation of 47-30 or 47-32 a misdemeanor.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-33 47-33. Certified copies of deeds made by alien property custodian may be registered.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-34 47-34. Certified copies of deeds made by alien property custodian admissible in evidence.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-35 47-35. Register to fill in deeds on blank forms with lines.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-36 47-36. Errors in registration corrected on petition to clerk.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-36.1 47-36.1. Correction of errors in recorded instruments.[HTML] [RTF]
Article 3 - Forms of Acknowledgment, Probate and Order of Registration. [HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-37 47-37: Repealed by Session Laws 2005-123, s. 3, effective October 1, 2005.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-37.1 47-37.1. Other forms of proof.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-38 47-38. Acknowledgment by grantor.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-39 47-39. Repealed by Session Laws 1977, c. 375, s. 16, effective January 1, 1978.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-40 47-40. Husband's acknowledgment and wife's acknowledgment before the same officer.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-41 47-41: Repealed by Session Laws 1991, c. 647, s. 3.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-41.01 47-41.01. Corporate conveyances.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-41.02 47-41.02. Other forms of probate for corporate conveyances.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-41.1 47-41.1. Corporate seal.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-41.2 47-41.2. Technical defects.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-42 47-42. Attestation of bank conveyances by secretary or cashier.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-43 47-43. Form of certificate of acknowledgment of instrument executed by attorney-in-fact.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-43.1 47-43.1. Execution and acknowledgment of instruments by attorneys or attorneys-in-fact.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-43.2 47-43.2. Officer's certificate upon proof of instrument by subscribing witness.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-43.3 47-43.3. Officer's certificate upon proof of instrument by proof of signature of maker.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-43.4 47-43.4. Officer's certificate upon proof of instrument by proof of signature of subscribing witness.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-44 47-44. Clerk's certificate upon probate by justice of peace or magistrate.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-45 47-45. Clerk's certificate upon probate by nonresident official without seal.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-46 47-46: Repealed by Session Laws 2005-123, s. 4, effective October 1, 2005.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-46.1 47-46.1. Notice of satisfaction of deed of trust, mortgage, or other instrument.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-46.2 47-46.2. Certificate of satisfaction of deed of trust, mortgage, or other instrument.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-46.3 47-46.3. Affidavit of lost note.[HTML] [RTF]
Article 4 - Curative Statutes; Acknowledgments; Probates; Registration. [HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-47 47-47. Defective order of registration; "same" for "this instrument".[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-48 47-48. Clerks' and registers of deeds' certificate failing to pass on all prior certificates.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-49 47-49. Defective certification or adjudication of clerk, etc., admitting to registration.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-50 47-50. Order of registration omitted.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-50.1 47-50.1. Register's certificate omitted.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-51 47-51. Official deeds omitting seals.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-52 47-52. Defective acknowledgment on old deeds validated.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-53 47-53. Probates omitting official seals, etc.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-53.1 47-53.1. Acknowledgment omitting seal of clerk or notary public.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-54 47-54. Registration by register's deputies or clerks.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-54.1 47-54.1. Registration by register's assistants or deputies.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-55 47-55. Before officer in wrong capacity or out of jurisdiction.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-56 47-56. Before justices of peace, where clerk's certificate or order of registration defective.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-57 47-57. Probates on proof of handwriting of maker refusing to acknowledge.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-58 47-58. Before judges of Supreme Court or superior courts or clerks before 1889.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-59 47-59. Before clerks of inferior courts.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-60 47-60. Order of registration by judge, where clerk party.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-61 47-61. Order of registration by interested clerk.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-62 47-62. Probates before interested notaries.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-63 47-63. Probates before officer of interested corporation.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-64 47-64. Probates before officers, stockholders or directors of corporations.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-65 47-65. Clerk's deeds, where clerk appointed himself to sell.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-66 47-66. Certificate of wife's "previous" examination.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-67 47-67. Probates of husband and wife in wrong order.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-68 47-68. Probates of husband and wife before different officers.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-69 47-69. Wife free trader; no examination or husband's assent.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-70 47-70. By president and attested by treasurer under corporate seal.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-71 47-71. By president and attested by witness before January, 1900.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-71.1 47-71.1. Corporate seal omitted prior to January 1, 2000.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-72 47-72. Corporate name not affixed, but signed otherwise prior to April 1, 2013.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-73 47-73. Probated and registered on oath of subscribing witness.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-74 47-74. Certificate alleging examination of grantor instead of witness.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-75 47-75. Proof of corporate articles before officer authorized to probate.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-76 47-76. Before officials of wrong state.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-77 47-77. Before notaries and clerks in other states.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-78 47-78. Acknowledgment by resident taken out-of-state.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-79 47-79. Before deputy clerks of courts of other states.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-80 47-80. Sister state probates without Governor's authentication.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-81 47-81. Before commissioners of deeds.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-81.1 47-81.1. Before commissioner of oaths.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-81.2 47-81.2. Before United States Army, etc., officers, and other service members.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-82 47-82. Foreign probates omitting seals.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-83 47-83. Before consuls general.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-84 47-84. Before vice-consuls and vice-consuls general.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-85 47-85. Before masters in chancery.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-85.1 47-85.1. Further as to acknowledgments, etc., before masters in chancery.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-86 47-86. Validation of probate of deeds by clerks of courts of record of other states, where official seal is omitted.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-87 47-87. Validation of probates by different officers of deeds by wife and husband.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-88 47-88. Registration without formal order validated.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-89 47-89. Same subject.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-90 47-90. Validation of acknowledgments taken by notaries public holding other office.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-91 47-91. Validation of certain probates of deeds before consular agents of the United States.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-92 47-92. Probates before stockholders and directors of banks.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-93 47-93. Acknowledgments taken by stockholder, officer, or director of bank.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-94 47-94. Acknowledgment and registration by officer or stockholder in building and loan or savings and loan association.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-95 47-95. Acknowledgments taken by notaries interested as trustee or holding other office.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-96 47-96. Validation of instruments registered without probate.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-97 47-97. Validation of corporate deed with mistake as to officer's name.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-97.1 47-97.1. Validation of corporate deeds containing error in acknowledgment or probate.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-98 47-98. Registration on defective probates beyond State.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-99 47-99. Certificates of clerks without seal.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-100 47-100. Acknowledgments taken by officer who was grantor.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-101 47-101. Seal of acknowledging officer omitted; deeds made presumptive evidence.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-102 47-102. Absence of notarial seal.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-103 47-103. Deeds probated and registered with notary's seal not affixed, validated.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-104 47-104. Acknowledgments of notary holding another office.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-105 47-105. Acknowledgment and private examination of married woman taken by officer who was grantor.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-106 47-106. Certain instruments in which clerk of superior court was a party, validated.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-107 47-107. Validation of probate and registration of certain instruments where name of grantor omitted from record.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-108 47-108. Acknowledgments before notaries under age.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-108.1 47-108.1. Certain corporate deeds, etc., declared validly admitted to record.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-108.2 47-108.2. Acknowledgments and examinations before notaries holding some other office.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-108.3 47-108.3. Validation of acts of certain notaries public prior to November 26, 1921.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-108.4 47-108.4. Acknowledgments, etc., of instruments of married women made since February 7, 1945.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-108.5 47-108.5. Validation of certain deeds executed in other states where seal omitted.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-108.6 47-108.6. Validation of certain conveyances of foreign dissolved corporations.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-108.7 47-108.7. Validation of acknowledgments, etc., by deputy clerks of superior court.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-108.8 47-108.8. Acts of registers of deeds or deputies in recording plats and maps by certain methods validated.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-108.9 47-108.9. Validation of probate of instruments pursuant to 47-12.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-108.10 47-108.10. Validation of registration of plats upon probate in accordance with 47-30.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-108.11 47-108.11. Validation of recorded instruments where seals have been omitted.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-108.12 47-108.12. Validation of instruments acknowledged before United States commissioners.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-108.13 47-108.13. Validation of certain instruments registered prior to January 1, 1934.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-108.14 47-108.14. Conveyances by the United States acting by and through the General Services Administration.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-108.15 47-108.15. Validation of registration of instruments filed before order of registration.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-108.16 47-108.16. Validation of certain deeds executed by nonresident banks.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-108.17 47-108.17. Validation of certain deeds where official capacity not designated.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-108.18 47-108.18. Registration of certain instruments containing a notarial jurat validated.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-108.18A 47-108.18A. Registration of certain instruments containing a notarial acknowledgment.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-108.18B 47-108.18B. Registration of certain instruments containing a notarial jurat.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-108.19 47-108.19. Validation of certain maps and plats that cannot be copied.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-108.20 47-108.20. Validation of certain recorded instruments that were not acknowledged.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-108.21 47-108.21. Sales for 1930 on dates other than first Monday in June validated.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-108.22 47-108.22. Tax sales for 1931-32 on day other than law provides and certificates validated.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-108.23 47-108.23. Tax sales for 1933-34 and certificates validated.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-108.24 47-108.24. Notices of sale for taxes by publication validated.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-108.25 47-108.25. Validation of sales and resales held pursuant to 105-374.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-108.26 47-108.26. Validation of reconveyances of tax foreclosed property by county boards of commissioners.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-108.27 47-108.27. Title to real property affected by boundary certification; liens.[HTML] [RTF]
Article 5 - Registration of Official Discharges from the Armed Forces of the United States. [HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-109 47-109. Book for record of discharges in office of register of deeds; specifications.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-110 47-110. Registration of official discharge or certificate of lost discharge.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-111 47-111. Inquiry by register of deeds; oath of applicant.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-112 47-112. Forgery or alteration of discharge or certificate; punishment.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-113 47-113. Certified copy of registration.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-113.1 47-113.1: Repealed by Session Laws 2003-248, s. 1, effective January 1, 2004.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-113.2 47-113.2. Restricting access to military discharge documents.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-114 47-114. Payment of expenses incurred.[HTML] [RTF]
Article 6 - Registration and Execution of Instruments Signed under a Power of Attorney. [HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-115 47-115. Execution in name of either principal or attorney-in-fact; indexing in names of both.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-115.1 47-115.1. Repealed by Session Laws 1983, c. 626, s. 2, effective October 1, 1983.[HTML] [RTF]
Article 7 - Private Examination of Married Women Abolished. [HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-116 47-116. Transferred to G.S. 47-14.1 by Session Laws 1951, c. 893.[HTML] [RTF]
Article 8 - Memoranda of Leases and Options. [HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-117 47-117. Forms do not preclude use of others; adaptation of forms.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-118 47-118. Forms of registration of lease.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-119 47-119. Form of memorandum for option to purchase real estate.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-119.1 47-119.1. Form of memorandum for contract to purchase real estate.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 47-120 47-120. Memorandum as notice.[HTML] [RTF]