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NOTE: The Statutes on the North Carolina General Assembly website reflect changes made in the 2016 Regular Session. The changes do not include the 4th Special Session held in December 2016. The changes from all Sessions are listed in the NC Statutes and Session Laws affected by ratified bills documents.

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North Carolina General Statutes
Chapter 42: Landlord and Tenant.

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Article 1 - General Provisions. [HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 42-1 42-1. Lessor and lessee not partners.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 42-2 42-2. Attornment unnecessary on conveyance of reversions, etc.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 42-3 42-3. Term forfeited for nonpayment of rent.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 42-4 42-4. Recovery for use and occupation.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 42-5 42-5. Rent apportioned, where lease terminated by death.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 42-6 42-6. Rents, annuities, etc., apportioned, where right to payment terminated by death.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 42-7 42-7. In lieu of emblements, farm lessee holds out year, with rents apportioned.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 42-8 42-8. Grantees of reversion and assigns of lease have reciprocal rights under covenants.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 42-9 42-9. Agreement to rebuild, how construed in case of fire.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 42-10 42-10. Tenant not liable for accidental damage.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 42-11 42-11. Willful destruction by tenant misdemeanor.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 42-12 42-12. Lessee may surrender, where building destroyed or damaged.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 42-13 42-13. Wrongful surrender to other than landlord misdemeanor.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 42-14 42-14. Notice to quit in certain tenancies.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 42-14.1 42-14.1. Rent control.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 42-14.2 42-14.2. Death, illness, or conviction of certain crimes not a material fact.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 42-14.3 42-14.3. Notice of conversion of manufactured home communities.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 42-14.4 42-14.4. Notice to State Bar of attorney default on lease.[HTML] [RTF]
Article 2 - Agricultural Tenancies. [HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 42-15 42-15. Landlord's lien on crops for rents, advances, etc.; enforcement.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 42-15.1 42-15.1. Landlord's lien on crop insurance for rents, advances, etc.; enforcement.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 42-16 42-16. Rights of tenants.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 42-17 42-17. Action to settle dispute between parties.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 42-18 42-18. Tenant's undertaking on continuance or appeal.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 42-19 42-19. Crops delivered to landlord on his undertaking.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 42-20 42-20. Crops sold, if neither party gives undertaking.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 42-21 42-21. Tenant's crop not subject to execution against landlord.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 42-22 42-22. Unlawful seizure by landlord or removal by tenant misdemeanor.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 42-22.1 42-22.1. Failure of tenant to account for sales under tobacco marketing cards.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 42-23 42-23. Terms of agricultural tenancies in certain counties.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 42-24 42-24. Turpentine and lightwood leases.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 42-25 42-25. Mining and timberland leases.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 42-25.1 through 42-25.5 42-25.1 through 42-25.5: Reserved for future codification purposes.[HTML] [RTF]
Article 2A - Ejectment of Residential Tenants. [HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 42-25.6 42-25.6. Manner of ejectment of residential tenants.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 42-25.7 42-25.7. Distress and distraint not permitted.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 42-25.8 42-25.8. Contrary lease provisions.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 42-25.9 42-25.9. Remedies.[HTML] [RTF]
Article 3 - Summary Ejectment. [HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 42-26 42-26. Tenant holding over may be dispossessed in certain cases.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 42-26.1 42-26.1: Expired.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 42-27 42-27. Local: Refusal to perform contract ground for dispossession.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 42-28 42-28. Summons issued by clerk.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 42-29 42-29. Service of summons.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 42-30 42-30. Judgment by confession, where plaintiff has proved case, or failure to appear.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 42-31 42-31. Trial by magistrate.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 42-32 42-32. Damages assessed to trial.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 42-33 42-33. Rent and costs tendered by tenant.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 42-34 42-34. Undertaking on appeal and order staying execution.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 42-34.1 42-34.1. Rent pending execution of judgment; post bond pending appeal.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 42-35 42-35. Restitution of tenant, if case quashed, etc., on appeal.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 42-36 42-36. Damages to tenant for dispossession, if proceedings quashed, etc.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 42-36.1 42-36.1. Lease or rental of manufactured homes.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 42-36.1A 42-36.1A. Judgments for possession more than 30 days old.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 42-36.2 42-36.2. Notice to tenant of execution of writ for possession of property; storage of evicted tenant's personal property.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 42-36.3 42-36.3. Death of residential tenant; landlord may file affidavit to remove personal property from the dwelling unit.[HTML] [RTF]
Article 4 - Forms. [HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 42-37 42-37: Repealed by Session Laws 1971, c. 533, s. 11.[HTML] [RTF]
Article 4A - Retaliatory Eviction. [HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 42-37.1 42-37.1. Defense of retaliatory eviction.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 42-37.2 42-37.2. Remedies.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 42-37.3 42-37.3. Waiver.[HTML] [RTF]
Article 5 - Residential Rental Agreements. [HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 42-38 42-38. Application.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 42-39 42-39. Exclusions.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 42-40 42-40. Definitions.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 42-41 42-41. Mutuality of obligations.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 42-42 42-42. Landlord to provide fit premises.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 42-42.1 42-42.1. Water and electricity conservation.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 42-42.2 42-42.2. Victim protection - nondiscrimination.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 42-42.3 42-42.3. Victim protection - change locks.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 42-43 42-43. Tenant to maintain dwelling unit.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 42-44 42-44. General remedies, penalties, and limitations.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 42-45 42-45. Early termination of rental agreement by military personnel, surviving family members, or lawful representative.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 42-45.1 42-45.1. Early termination of rental agreement by victims of domestic violence, sexual assault, or stalking.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 42-45.2 42-45.2. Early termination of rental agreement by military and tenants residing in certain foreclosed property.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 42-46 42-46. Authorized late fees and eviction fees.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 42-47 through 42-49 42-47 through 42-49: Reserved for future codification purposes.[HTML] [RTF]
Article 6 - Tenant Security Deposit Act. [HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 42-50 42-50. Deposits from the tenant.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 42-51 42-51. Permitted uses of the deposit.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 42-52 42-52. Landlord's obligations.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 42-53 42-53. Pet deposits.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 42-54 42-54. Transfer of dwelling units.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 42-55 42-55. Remedies.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 42-56 42-56. Application of Article.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 42-57 42-57. Reserved for future codification purposes.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 42-58 42-58. Reserved for future codification purposes.[HTML] [RTF]
Article 7 - Expedited Eviction of Drug Traffickers and Other Criminals. [HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 42-59 42-59. Definitions.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 42-59.1 42-59.1. Statement of Public Policy.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 42-60 42-60. Nature of actions and jurisdiction.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 42-61 42-61. Standard of proof.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 42-62 42-62. Parties.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 42-63 42-63. Remedies and judicial orders.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 42-64 42-64. Affirmative defense or exemption to a complete eviction.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 42-65 42-65. Obstructing the execution or enforcement of a removal or eviction order.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 42-66 42-66. Motion to enforce eviction and removal orders.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 42-67 42-67. Impermissible defense.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 42-68 42-68. Expedited proceedings.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 42-69 42-69. Relation to criminal proceedings.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 42-70 42-70. Discovery.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 42-71 42-71. Protection of threatened witnesses or affiants.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 42-72 42-72. Availability of law enforcement resources to plaintiffs or potential plaintiffs.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 42-73 42-73. Collection of rent.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 42-74 42-74. Preliminary or emergency relief.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 42-75 42-75. Cumulative remedies.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 42-76 42-76. Civil immunity.[HTML] [RTF]