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NOTE: The Statutes on the North Carolina General Assembly website reflect changes made in the 2016 Regular Session. The changes do not include the 4th Special Session held in December 2016. The changes from all Sessions are listed in the NC Statutes and Session Laws affected by ratified bills documents.

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North Carolina General Statutes
Chapter 35A: Incompetency and Guardianship.

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Article 1 - Determination of Incompetence. [HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1101 35A-1101. Definitions.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1102 35A-1102. Scope of law; exclusive procedure.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1103 35A-1103. Jurisdiction; venue.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1104 35A-1104. Change of venue.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1105 35A-1105. Petition before clerk.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1106 35A-1106. Contents of petition.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1107 35A-1107. Right to counsel or guardian ad litem.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1108 35A-1108. Issuance of notice.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1109 35A-1109. Service of notice and petition.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1110 35A-1110. Right to jury.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1111 35A-1111. Multidisciplinary evaluation.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1112 35A-1112. Hearing on petition; adjudication order.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1113 35A-1113: Repealed by Session Laws 2016-72, s. 2, effective December 1, 2016.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1114 35A-1114. Appointment of interim guardian.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1115 35A-1115. Appeal from clerk's order.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1116 35A-1116. Costs and fees.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1117 through 35A-1119 35A-1117 through 35A-1119: Reserved for future codification purposes.[HTML] [RTF]
Article 2 - Appointment of Guardian. [HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1120 35A-1120. Appointment of guardian.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1121 through 35A-1129 35A-1121 through 35A-1129. Reserved for future codification purposes.[HTML] [RTF]
Article 3 - Restoration to Competency. [HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1130 35A-1130. Proceedings before clerk.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1131 through 35A-1200 35A-1131 through 35A-1200: Reserved for future codification purposes.[HTML] [RTF]
Article 4 - Purpose and Scope; Jurisdiction; Venue. [HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1201 35A-1201. Purpose.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1202 35A-1202. Definitions.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1203 35A-1203. Jurisdiction; authority of clerk.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1204 35A-1204. Venue.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1205 35A-1205. Transfer to different county.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1206 35A-1206. Letters of appointment.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1207 35A-1207. Motions in the cause.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1208 35A-1208. Authority for health care decisions.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1209 35A-1209: Reserved for future codification purposes.[HTML] [RTF]
Article 5 - Appointment of Guardian for Incompetent Person. [HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1210 35A-1210. Application before clerk.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1211 35A-1211. Service of application, motions, and notices.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1212 35A-1212. Hearing before clerk on appointment of guardian.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1212.1 35A-1212.1. Recommendation of appointment of guardian by will or other writing.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1213 35A-1213. Qualifications of guardians.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1214 35A-1214. Priorities for appointment.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1215 35A-1215. Clerk's order; issuance of letters of appointment.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1216 35A-1216. Rule-making power of Secretary of Health and Human Services.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1217 35A-1217. Appointment of guardian ad litem for incompetent ward.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1218 35A-1218: Reserved for future codification purposes.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1219 35A-1219: Reserved for future codification purposes.[HTML] [RTF]
Article 6 - Appointment of Guardian for a Minor. [HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1220 35A-1220. Absence of natural guardian.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1221 35A-1221. Application before clerk.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1222 35A-1222. Service of application and notices.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1223 35A-1223. Hearing before clerk on appointment of guardian.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1224 35A-1224. Criteria for appointment of guardians.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1225 35A-1225. Testamentary recommendation; guardian for incompetent minor.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1226 35A-1226. Clerk's order; issuance of letters of appointment.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1227 35A-1227. Funds owed to minors.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1228 35A-1228. Guardians of children of servicemen; allotments and allowances.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1229 35A-1229: Reserved for future codification purposes.[HTML] [RTF]
Article 7 - Guardian's Bond. [HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1230 35A-1230. Bond required before receiving property.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1231 35A-1231. Terms and conditions of bond; increase on sale of realty or personal property.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1232 35A-1232. Exclusion of deposited money in computing amount of bond.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1233 35A-1233. Clerk's authority to reduce penalty of bond.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1234 35A-1234. Action on bond.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1235 35A-1235. One bond sufficient when several wards have estate in common.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1236 35A-1236. Renewal of bond.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1237 35A-1237. Relief of endangered sureties.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1238 35A-1238. Clerk's liability.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1239 35A-1239. Health and Human Services bond.[HTML] [RTF]
Article 8 - Powers and Duties of Guardian of the Person. [HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1240 35A-1240. Applicability of Article.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1241 35A-1241. Powers and duties of guardian of the person.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1242 35A-1242. Status reports for incompetent wards.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1243 35A-1243. Duties of designated agency.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1244 35A-1244. Procedure to compel status reports.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1245 35A-1245. Procedure to permit the sterilization of a mentally ill or a mentally retarded ward in the case of medical necessity.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1246 through 35A-1249 35A-1246 through 35A-1249: Reserved for future codification purposes.[HTML] [RTF]
Article 9 - Powers and Duties of Guardian of the Estate. [HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1250 35A-1250. Applicability of Article.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1251 35A-1251. Guardian's powers in administering incompetent ward's estate.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1252 35A-1252. Guardian's powers in administering minor ward's estate.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1253 35A-1253. Specific duties of guardian of estate.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1254 through 35A-1259 35A-1254 through 35A-1259: Reserved for future codification purposes.[HTML] [RTF]
Article 10 - Returns and Accounting. [HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1260 35A-1260. Applicability.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1261 35A-1261. Inventory or account within three months.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1262 35A-1262. Procedure to compel inventory or account.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1263 35A-1263. Repealed by Session Laws 1989, c. 473, s. 28.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1263.1 35A-1263.1. Supplemental inventory.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1264 35A-1264. Annual accounts.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1265 35A-1265. Procedure to compel accounting.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1266 35A-1266. Final account and discharge of guardian.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1267 35A-1267. Expenses and disbursements credited to guardian.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1268 35A-1268. Guardian to exhibit investments and bank statements.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1269 35A-1269. Commissions.[HTML] [RTF]
Article 11 - Public Guardians. [HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1270 35A-1270. Appointment; term; oath.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1271 35A-1271. Bond of public guardian; increasing bond.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1272 35A-1272. Powers, duties, liabilities, compensation.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1273 35A-1273. When letters issue to public guardian.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1274 through 35A-1279 35A-1274 through 35A-1279: Reserved for future codification purposes.[HTML] [RTF]
Article 12 - Nonresident Ward Having Property in State. [HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1280 35A-1280. Appointment of ancillary guardian.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1281 35A-1281. Removal of ward's personalty from State.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1282 through 35A-1289 35A-1282 through 35A-1289: Reserved for future codification purposes.[HTML] [RTF]
Article 13 - Removal or Resignation of Guardian; Successor Guardian; Estates Without Guardians; Termination of Guardianship. [HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1290 35A-1290. Removal by Clerk.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1291 35A-1291. Emergency removal; interlocutory orders on revocation.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1292 35A-1292. Resignation.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1293 35A-1293. Appointment of successor guardian.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1294 35A-1294. Estates without guardians.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1295 35A-1295. Termination of guardianship.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1296 through 35A-1300 35A-1296 through 35A-1300: Reserved for future codification purposes.[HTML] [RTF]
Article 14 - Sale, Mortgage, Exchange or Lease of Ward's Estate. [HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1301 35A-1301. Special proceedings to sell, exchange, mortgage, or lease.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1302 35A-1302. Procedure when real estate lies in county in which guardian does not reside.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1303 35A-1303. Fund from sale has character of estate sold and subject to same trusts.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1304 35A-1304: Repealed by Session Laws 1989, c. 473, s. 7.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1305 35A-1305. When timber may be sold.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1306 35A-1306. Abandoned incompetent spouse.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1307 35A-1307. Spouse of incompetent husband or wife entitled to special proceeding for sale of real property.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1308 through 35A-1309 35A-1308 through 35A-1309: Reserved for future codification purposes.[HTML] [RTF]
Article 15 - Mortgage or Sale of Estates Held by the Entireties. [HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1310 35A-1310. Where one spouse or both incompetent; special proceeding before clerk.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1311 35A-1311. General law applicable; approved by judge.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1312 35A-1312. Proceeding valid in passing title.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1313 35A-1313. Clerk may direct application of funds; purchasers and mortgagees protected.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1314 35A-1314. Prior sales and mortgages validated.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1315 through 35A-1319 35A-1315 through 35A-1319: Reserved for future codification purposes.[HTML] [RTF]
Article 16 - Surplus Income and Advancements. [HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1320 35A-1320: Repealed by Session Laws 1989, c. 473, s. 14.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1321 35A-1321. Advancement of surplus income to certain relatives.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1322 35A-1322. Advancement to adult child or grandchild.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1323 35A-1323. For what purpose and to whom advanced.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1324 35A-1324. Distributees to be parties to proceeding for advancements.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1325 35A-1325. Advancements to be equal; accounted for on death.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1326 35A-1326. Advancements to those most in need.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1327 35A-1327. Advancements to be secured against waste.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1328 35A-1328. Appeal; removal to superior court.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1329 35A-1329. Advancements only when incompetence permanent.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1330 35A-1330. Orders suspended upon restoration of competence.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1331 through 35A-1334 35A-1331 through 35A-1334: Reserved for future codification purposes.[HTML] [RTF]
Article 17 - Gifts from Income for Certain Purposes. [HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1335 35A-1335. Gifts authorized with approval of judge of superior court.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1336 35A-1336. Prerequisites to approval by judge of gifts for governmental or charitable purposes.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1336.1 35A-1336.1. Prerequisites to approval by judge of gifts to individuals.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1337 35A-1337. Fact that incompetent had not previously made similar gifts.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1338 35A-1338. Validity of gift.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1339 35A-1339: Reserved for future codification purposes.[HTML] [RTF]
Article 18 - Gifts from Principal for Certain Purposes. [HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1340 35A-1340. Gifts authorized with approval of judge of superior court.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1341 35A-1341. Prerequisites to approval by judge of gifts for governmental or charitable purposes.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1341.1 35A-1341.1. Prerequisites to approval by judge of gifts to individuals.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1342 35A-1342. Who deemed specific and residuary devisees of incompetent under 35A-1341.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1343 35A-1343. Notice to minors and incompetents under 35A-1341 and 35A-1341.1.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1344 35A-1344. Objections to proposed gift; fact that incompetent had previously made similar gifts.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1345 35A-1345. Validity of gift.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1346 through 35A-1349 35A-1346 through 35A-1349: Reserved for future codification purposes.[HTML] [RTF]
Article 19 - Declaring Revocable Trust Irrevocable and Making Gift of Incompetent's Life Interest Therein. [HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1350 35A-1350. Declaration and gift for certain purposes authorized with approval of judge of superior court.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1351 35A-1351. Prerequisites to approval of gift.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1352 35A-1352. Who deemed specific and residuary devisees of incompetent under 35A-1351.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1353 35A-1353. Notice to minors and incompetents under 35A-1351.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1354 35A-1354. Objections to proposed declaration and gift; fact that incompetent had not previously made similar gifts.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1355 35A-1355. Validity of declaration and gift.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1356 through 35A-1359 35A-1356 through 35A-1359: Reserved for future codification purposes.[HTML] [RTF]
Article 20 - Guardians' Deeds Validated When Seal Omitted. [HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1360 35A-1360. Deeds by guardians omitting seal, prior to January 1, 1944, validated.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1361 35A-1361. Certain private sales validated.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1362 through 35A-1369 35A-1362 through 35A-1369. Reserved for future codification purposes.[HTML] [RTF]
Article 21 - Standby Guardianship. [HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1370 35A-1370. Definitions.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1371 35A-1371. Jurisdiction; limits.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1372 35A-1372. Standby guardianship; applicability.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1373 35A-1373. Appointment by petition of standby guardian; petition, notice, hearing, order.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1374 35A-1374. Appointment by written designation; form.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1375 35A-1375. Determination of incapacity or debilitation.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1376 35A-1376. Restoration of capacity or ability; suspension of guardianship.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1377 35A-1377. Authority concurrent to parental rights.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1378 35A-1378. Powers and duties.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1379 35A-1379. Appointment of guardian ad litem.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1380 35A-1380. Bond.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1381 35A-1381. Accounting.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 35A-1382 35A-1382. Termination.[HTML] [RTF]