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NOTE: The Statutes on the North Carolina General Assembly website reflect changes made in the 2016 Regular Session. The changes do not include the 4th Special Session held in December 2016. The changes from all Sessions are listed in the NC Statutes and Session Laws affected by ratified bills documents.

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North Carolina General Statutes
Chapter 156: Drainage.

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Article 1 - Jurisdiction in Clerk of Superior Court. [HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-1 156-1. Supplemental proceeding.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-2 156-2. Petition filed; commissioners appointed.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-3 156-3. Duty of commissioners.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-4 156-4. Report and confirmation; easement acquired; exceptions.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-5 156-5. Width of right-of-way for repairs.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-6 156-6. Right of owner to fence; entry for repairs.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-7 156-7. Earth for construction of dam; removal of dam.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-8 156-8. Earth from canal removed or leveled.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-9 156-9. No drain opened within 30 feet.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-10 156-10. Right to drain into canal.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-11 156-11. Expense of repairs apportioned.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-12 156-12. Notice of making repairs.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-13 156-13. Judgment against owner in default; lien.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-14 156-14. Subsequent owners bound.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-15 156-15. Amount of contribution for repair ascertained.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-16 156-16. Petition by servient owner against dominant owner.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-17 156-17. Commissioners to examine lands and make report.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-18 156-18. Cost of repairs enforced by judgment.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-19 156-19. Obstructing canal or ditch dug under agreement.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-20 156-20. Right of dominant owner to repair.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-21 156-21. Canal maintained for seven years presumed a necessity; drainage assessments declared liens.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-22 156-22. Supplemental assessments to make up deficiency; vacancy appointments of assessment jurors.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-23 156-23. Easement of drainage surrendered.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-24 156-24. Obstructing drain cut by consent.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-25 156-25. Protection of canals, ditches, and natural drains.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-26 156-26. Procedure upon agreement.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-27 156-27. Recovery for benefits; payment of damages.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-28 156-28. Notice to landowners; assessments made by viewers.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-29 156-29. Report filed; appeal and jury trial.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-30 156-30. Confirmation of report.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-31 156-31. Payment in installments.[HTML] [RTF]
Article 2 - Jurisdiction in County Commissioners. [HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-32 156-32. Petition filed; board appointed; refusal to serve misdemeanor.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-33 156-33. Duty of board; refusal to comply with their requirements misdemeanor.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-34 156-34. Report filed.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-35 156-35. Owners to keep ditch open.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-36 156-36. Compensation of board.[HTML] [RTF]
Article 3 - Manner of Organization. [HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-37 156-37. Petition filed in superior court.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-38 156-38. Commissioners appointed; report required.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-39 156-39. Surveyor employed.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-40 156-40. Confirmation of report.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-41 156-41. Proprietors become a corporation.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-42 156-42. Organization; corporate name, officers and powers.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-43 156-43. Incorporation of canal already constructed; commissioners; reports.[HTML] [RTF]
Article 4 - Rights and Liabilities in the Corporation. [HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-44 156-44. Shares of stock annexed to land.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-45 156-45. Shareholders to pay assessments.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-46 156-46. Payment of dues entitles to use of canal.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-47 156-47. Rights of infant owners protected.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-48 156-48. Compensation for damage to lands.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-49 156-49. Dissolution of corporation.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-50 156-50. Laborer's lien for work on canal.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-51 156-51. Penalty for nonpayment of assessments.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-52 156-52. Corporation authorized to issue bonds.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-53 156-53. Payment of bonds enforced.[HTML] [RTF]
Article 5 - Establishment of Districts. [HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-54 156-54. Jurisdiction to establish districts.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-55 156-55. Venue; special proceedings.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-56 156-56. Petition filed.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-57 156-57. Bond filed and summons issued.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-58 156-58. Publication in case of unknown owners.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-59 156-59. Board of viewers appointed by clerk.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-60 156-60. Attorney for petitioners.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-61 156-61. Estimate of expense and manner of payment; advancement of funds and repayment from assessments.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-62 156-62. Examination of lands and preliminary report.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-63 156-63. First hearing of preliminary report.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-64 156-64. Notice of further hearing.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-65 156-65. Further hearing, and district established.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-66 156-66. Right of appeal.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-67 156-67. Condemnation of land.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-68 156-68. Complete survey ordered.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-69 156-69. Nature of the survey; conservation and replacement of fish and wildlife habitat; structures to control and store water.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-70 156-70. Assessment of damages.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-70.1 156-70.1. When title deemed acquired for purpose of easements or rights-of-way; notice to landowner; claim for compensation; appeal.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-71 156-71. Classification of lands and benefits.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-72 156-72. Extension of time for report.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-73 156-73. Final report filed; notice of hearing.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-74 156-74. Adjudication upon final report.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-75 156-75. Appeal from final hearing.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-76 156-76. Compensation of board of viewers.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-77 156-77. Account of expenses filed.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-78 156-78. Drainage record.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-78.1 156-78.1. Municipalities.[HTML] [RTF]
Article 6 - Drainage Commissioners. [HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-79 156-79. Appointment and organization under original act.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-80 156-80. Name of districts.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-81 156-81. Appointment and organization under amended act.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-81.1 156-81.1. Treasurer.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-82 156-82. Validation of election of members of drainage commission.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-82.1 156-82.1. Duties and powers of the board of drainage commissioners.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-82.2 156-82.2. Appointment of drainage commissioners.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-82.3 156-82.3. Validation of previous actions.[HTML] [RTF]
Article 7 - Construction of Improvement. [HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-83 156-83. Superintendent of construction.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-84 156-84. Letting contracts.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-85 156-85. Monthly estimates for work and payments thereon; final payment.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-86 156-86. Failure of contractors; reletting.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-87 156-87. Right to enter upon lands; removal of timber.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-88 156-88. Drainage across public or private ways.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-89 156-89. Drainage across railroads; procedure.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-90 156-90. Notice to railroad.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-91 156-91. Manner of construction across railroad.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-92 156-92. Control and repairs by drainage commissioners.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-93 156-93. Construction of lateral drains.[HTML] [RTF]
Article 7A - Maintenance. [HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-93.1 156-93.1. Maintenance assessments and contracts; engineering assistance, construction equipment, etc.; joint or consolidated maintenance operations; water-retardant structures; borrowing in anticipation of revenue.[HTML] [RTF]
Article 7B - Improvement, Renovation, Enlargement and Extension of Canals, Structures and Boundaries. [HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-93.2 156-93.2. Proceedings for improvement, renovation and extension of canals, structures and equipment.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-93.3 156-93.3. Extension of boundaries.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-93.4 156-93.4. Coordination of proceedings under 156-93.2 and 156-93.3.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-93.5 156-93.5. Assessments and bonds for improvement, renovation, enlargement and extension.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-93.6 156-93.6. Rights-of-way and easements for existing districts.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-93.7 156-93.7. Existing districts may act together to extend boundaries within watershed.[HTML] [RTF]
Article 8 - Assessments and Bond Issue. [HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-94 156-94. Total cost for three years ascertained.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-95 156-95. Assessment and payment; notice of bond issue.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-96 156-96. Failure to pay deemed consent to bond issue.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-97 156-97. Bonds issued.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-97.1 156-97.1. Issuance of assessment anticipation notes.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-98 156-98. Form of bonds and notes; excess assessment.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-99 156-99. Application of funds; holder's remedy.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-100 156-100. Sale of bonds.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-100.1 156-100.1. Sale of assessment anticipation notes.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-100.2 156-100.2. Payment of assessments which become liens after original bond issue.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-100.3 156-100.3. Sinking fund.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-101 156-101. Refunding bonds issued.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-102 156-102. Drainage bonds received as deposits.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-103 156-103. Assessment rolls prepared.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-104 156-104. Application of amendatory provisions of certain sections; amendment or reformation of proceedings.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-105 156-105. Assessment lien; collection; sale of land.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-106 156-106. Assessment not collectible out of other property of delinquent.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-107 156-107. Sheriff in good faith selling property for assessment not liable for irregularity.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-108 156-108. Receipt books prepared.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-109 156-109. Receipt books where lands in two or more counties.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-110 156-110. Authority to collect arrears.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-111 156-111. Sheriff to make monthly settlements; penalty.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-112 156-112. Duty of treasurer to make payment; penalty.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-113 156-113. Fees for collection and disbursement.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-114 156-114. Conveyance of land; change in assessment roll; procedure.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-115 156-115. Warranty in deed runs to purchaser who pays assessment.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-116 156-116. Modification of assessments.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-117 156-117. Subdistricts formed.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-118 through 156-120 156-118 through 156-120. Repealed by Session Laws 1961, c. 614, s. 11.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-121 156-121. Redress to dissatisfied landowners.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-122 156-122. Increase to extinguish debt.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-123 156-123. Proceedings as for original bond issue.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-124 156-124. No drainage assessments for original object may be levied on property when once paid in full.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-124.1 156-124.1. Repealed by Session Laws 1961, c. 614, s. 11.[HTML] [RTF]
Article 9 - Adjustment of Delinquent Assessments. [HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-125 156-125. Adjustment by board of commissioners authorized.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-126 156-126. Extension of adjusted installments.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-127 156-127. Special fund set up; distribution of collections.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-128 156-128. Approval of adjustments by Local Government Commission.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-129 156-129. Amount of assessments limited; reassessments regulated.[HTML] [RTF]
Article 10 - Reports of Officers. [HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-130 156-130. Drainage commissioners to make statements.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-131 156-131. Annual report.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-132 156-132. Penalty for failure.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-133 156-133. Auditor appointed; duties; compensation.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-134 156-134. Duties of the auditor.[HTML] [RTF]
Article 11 - General Provisions. [HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-135 156-135. Construction of drainage law.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-135.1 156-135.1. Investment of surplus funds.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-136 156-136. Removal of officers.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-137 156-137. Local drainage laws not affected.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-138 156-138. Punishment for violating law as to drainage districts.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-138.1 156-138.1. Acquisition and disposition of lands; lease to or from federal or State government or agency thereof.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-138.2 156-138.2. Meaning of "majority of resident landowners" and "owners of three fifths of land area."[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-138.3 156-138.3. Notice.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-138.4 156-138.4. Procedures to be followed in connection with drainage projects that involve channelization.[HTML] [RTF]
Article 12 - Protection of Public Health. [HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-139 156-139. Cleaning and draining of streams, etc., under supervision of governmental agencies.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-140 156-140. Tax levy.[HTML] [RTF]
G.S. 156-141 156-141. Article applicable to certain counties only.[HTML] [RTF]