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North Carolina General Statutes
Chapter 35A: Incompetency and Guardianship.

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Article 1 - Determination of Incompetence. [RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1101 35A-1101. Definitions.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1102 35A-1102. Scope of law; exclusive procedure.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1103 35A-1103. Jurisdiction; venue.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1104 35A-1104. Change of venue.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1105 35A-1105. Petition before clerk.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1106 35A-1106. Contents of petition.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1107 35A-1107. Right to counsel or guardian ad litem.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1108 35A-1108. Issuance of notice.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1109 35A-1109. Service of notice and petition.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1110 35A-1110. Right to jury.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1111 35A-1111. Multidisciplinary evaluation.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1112 35A-1112. Hearing on petition; adjudication order.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1113 35A-1113. Hearing when incompetence determined in another state.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1114 35A-1114. Appointment of interim guardian.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1115 35A-1115. Appeal from clerk's order.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1116 35A-1116. Costs and fees.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1117 through 35A-1119 35A-1117 through 35A-1119: Reserved for future codification purposes.[RTF] [PDF]
Article 2 - Appointment of Guardian. [RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1120 35A-1120. Appointment of guardian.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1121 through 35A-1129 35A-1121 through 35A-1129. Reserved for future codification purposes.[RTF] [PDF]
Article 3 - Restoration to Competency. [RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1130 35A-1130. Proceedings before clerk.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1131 through 35A-1200 35A-1131 through 35A-1200: Reserved for future codification purposes.[RTF] [PDF]
Article 4 - Purpose and Scope; Jurisdiction; Venue. [RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1201 35A-1201. Purpose.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1202 35A-1202. Definitions.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1203 35A-1203. Jurisdiction; authority of clerk.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1204 35A-1204. Venue.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1205 35A-1205. Transfer to different county.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1206 35A-1206. Letters of appointment.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1207 35A-1207. Motions in the cause.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1208 35A-1208. Authority for health care decisions.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1209 35A-1209: Reserved for future codification purposes.[RTF] [PDF]
Article 5 - Appointment of Guardian for Incompetent Person. [RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1210 35A-1210. Application before clerk.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1211 35A-1211. Service of application, motions, and notices.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1212 35A-1212. Hearing before clerk on appointment of guardian.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1212.1 35A-1212.1. Recommendation of appointment of guardian by will or other writing.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1213 35A-1213. Qualifications of guardians.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1214 35A-1214. Priorities for appointment.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1215 35A-1215. Clerk's order; issuance of letters of appointment.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1216 35A-1216. Rule-making power of Secretary of Health and Human Services.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1217 35A-1217. Appointment of guardian ad litem for incompetent ward.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1218 35A-1218: Reserved for future codification purposes.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1219 35A-1219: Reserved for future codification purposes.[RTF] [PDF]
Article 6 - Appointment of Guardian for a Minor. [RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1220 35A-1220. Absence of natural guardian.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1221 35A-1221. Application before clerk.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1222 35A-1222. Service of application and notices.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1223 35A-1223. Hearing before clerk on appointment of guardian.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1224 35A-1224. Criteria for appointment of guardians.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1225 35A-1225. Testamentary recommendation; guardian for incompetent minor.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1226 35A-1226. Clerk's order; issuance of letters of appointment.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1227 35A-1227. Funds owed to minors.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1228 35A-1228. Guardians of children of servicemen; allotments and allowances.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1229 35A-1229: Reserved for future codification purposes.[RTF] [PDF]
Article 7 - Guardian's Bond. [RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1230 35A-1230. Bond required before receiving property.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1231 35A-1231. Terms and conditions of bond; increase on sale of realty or personal property.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1232 35A-1232. Exclusion of deposited money in computing amount of bond.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1233 35A-1233. Clerk's authority to reduce penalty of bond.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1234 35A-1234. Action on bond.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1235 35A-1235. One bond sufficient when several wards have estate in common.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1236 35A-1236. Renewal of bond.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1237 35A-1237. Relief of endangered sureties.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1238 35A-1238. Clerk's liability.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1239 35A-1239. Health and Human Services bond.[RTF] [PDF]
Article 8 - Powers and Duties of Guardian of the Person. [RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1240 35A-1240. Applicability of Article.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1241 35A-1241. Powers and duties of guardian of the person.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1242 35A-1242. Status reports for incompetent wards.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1243 35A-1243. Duties of designated agency.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1244 35A-1244. Procedure to compel status reports.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1245 35A-1245. Procedure to permit the sterilization of a mentally ill or a mentally retarded ward in the case of medical necessity.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1246 through 35A-1249 35A-1246 through 35A-1249: Reserved for future codification purposes.[RTF] [PDF]
Article 9 - Powers and Duties of Guardian of the Estate. [RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1250 35A-1250. Applicability of Article.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1251 35A-1251. Guardian's powers in administering incompetent ward's estate.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1252 35A-1252. Guardian's powers in administering minor ward's estate.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1253 35A-1253. Specific duties of guardian of estate.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1254 through 35A-1259 35A-1254 through 35A-1259: Reserved for future codification purposes.[RTF] [PDF]
Article 10 - Returns and Accounting. [RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1260 35A-1260. Applicability.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1261 35A-1261. Inventory or account within three months.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1262 35A-1262. Procedure to compel inventory or account.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1263 35A-1263. Repealed by Session Laws 1989, c. 473, s. 28.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1263.1 35A-1263.1. Supplemental inventory.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1264 35A-1264. Annual accounts.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1265 35A-1265. Procedure to compel accounting.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1266 35A-1266. Final account and discharge of guardian.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1267 35A-1267. Expenses and disbursements credited to guardian.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1268 35A-1268. Guardian to exhibit investments and bank statements.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1269 35A-1269. Commissions.[RTF] [PDF]
Article 11 - Public Guardians. [RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1270 35A-1270. Appointment; term; oath.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1271 35A-1271. Bond of public guardian; increasing bond.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1272 35A-1272. Powers, duties, liabilities, compensation.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1273 35A-1273. When letters issue to public guardian.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1274 through 35A-1279 35A-1274 through 35A-1279: Reserved for future codification purposes.[RTF] [PDF]
Article 12 - Nonresident Ward Having Property in State. [RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1280 35A-1280. Appointment of ancillary guardian.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1281 35A-1281. Removal of ward's personalty from State.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1282 through 35A-1289 35A-1282 through 35A-1289: Reserved for future codification purposes.[RTF] [PDF]
Article 13 - Removal or Resignation of Guardian; Successor Guardian; Estates Without Guardians; Termination of Guardianship. [RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1290 35A-1290. Removal by Clerk.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1291 35A-1291. Emergency removal; interlocutory orders on revocation.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1292 35A-1292. Resignation.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1293 35A-1293. Appointment of successor guardian.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1294 35A-1294. Estates without guardians.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1295 35A-1295. Termination of guardianship.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1296 through 35A-1300 35A-1296 through 35A-1300: Reserved for future codification purposes.[RTF] [PDF]
Article 14 - Sale, Mortgage, Exchange or Lease of Ward's Estate. [RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1301 35A-1301. Special proceedings to sell, exchange, mortgage, or lease.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1302 35A-1302. Procedure when real estate lies in county in which guardian does not reside.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1303 35A-1303. Fund from sale has character of estate sold and subject to same trusts.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1304 35A-1304: Repealed by Session Laws 1989, c. 473, s. 7.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1305 35A-1305. When timber may be sold.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1306 35A-1306. Abandoned incompetent spouse.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1307 35A-1307. Spouse of incompetent husband or wife entitled to special proceeding for sale of real property.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1308 through 35A-1309 35A-1308 through 35A-1309: Reserved for future codification purposes.[RTF] [PDF]
Article 15 - Mortgage or Sale of Estates Held by the Entireties. [RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1310 35A-1310. Where one spouse or both incompetent; special proceeding before clerk.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1311 35A-1311. General law applicable; approved by judge.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1312 35A-1312. Proceeding valid in passing title.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1313 35A-1313. Clerk may direct application of funds; purchasers and mortgagees protected.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1314 35A-1314. Prior sales and mortgages validated.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1315 through 35A-1319 35A-1315 through 35A-1319: Reserved for future codification purposes.[RTF] [PDF]
Article 16 - Surplus Income and Advancements. [RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1320 35A-1320: Repealed by Session Laws 1989, c. 473, s. 14.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1321 35A-1321. Advancement of surplus income to certain relatives.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1322 35A-1322. Advancement to adult child or grandchild.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1323 35A-1323. For what purpose and to whom advanced.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1324 35A-1324. Distributees to be parties to proceeding for advancements.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1325 35A-1325. Advancements to be equal; accounted for on death.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1326 35A-1326. Advancements to those most in need.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1327 35A-1327. Advancements to be secured against waste.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1328 35A-1328. Appeal; removal to superior court.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1329 35A-1329. Advancements only when incompetence permanent.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1330 35A-1330. Orders suspended upon restoration of competence.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1331 through 35A-1334 35A-1331 through 35A-1334: Reserved for future codification purposes.[RTF] [PDF]
Article 17 - Gifts from Income for Certain Purposes. [RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1335 35A-1335. Gifts authorized with approval of judge of superior court.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1336 35A-1336. Prerequisites to approval by judge of gifts for governmental or charitable purposes.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1336.1 35A-1336.1. Prerequisites to approval by judge of gifts to individuals.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1337 35A-1337. Fact that incompetent had not previously made similar gifts.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1338 35A-1338. Validity of gift.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1339 35A-1339: Reserved for future codification purposes.[RTF] [PDF]
Article 18 - Gifts from Principal for Certain Purposes. [RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1340 35A-1340. Gifts authorized with approval of judge of superior court.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1341 35A-1341. Prerequisites to approval by judge of gifts for governmental or charitable purposes.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1341.1 35A-1341.1. Prerequisites to approval by judge of gifts to individuals.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1342 35A-1342. Who deemed specific and residuary devisees of incompetent under 35A-1341.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1343 35A-1343. Notice to minors and incompetents under 35A-1341 and 35A-1341.1.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1344 35A-1344. Objections to proposed gift; fact that incompetent had previously made similar gifts.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1345 35A-1345. Validity of gift.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1346 through 35A-1349 35A-1346 through 35A-1349: Reserved for future codification purposes.[RTF] [PDF]
Article 19 - Declaring Revocable Trust Irrevocable and Making Gift of Incompetent's Life Interest Therein. [RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1350 35A-1350. Declaration and gift for certain purposes authorized with approval of judge of superior court.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1351 35A-1351. Prerequisites to approval of gift.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1352 35A-1352. Who deemed specific and residuary devisees of incompetent under 35A-1351.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1353 35A-1353. Notice to minors and incompetents under 35A-1351.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1354 35A-1354. Objections to proposed declaration and gift; fact that incompetent had not previously made similar gifts.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1355 35A-1355. Validity of declaration and gift.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1356 through 35A-1359 35A-1356 through 35A-1359: Reserved for future codification purposes.[RTF] [PDF]
Article 20 - Guardians' Deeds Validated When Seal Omitted. [RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1360 35A-1360. Deeds by guardians omitting seal, prior to January 1, 1944, validated.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1361 35A-1361. Certain private sales validated.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1362 through 35A-1369 35A-1362 through 35A-1369. Reserved for future codification purposes.[RTF] [PDF]
Article 21 - Standby Guardianship. [RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1370 35A-1370. Definitions.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1371 35A-1371. Jurisdiction; limits.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1372 35A-1372. Standby guardianship; applicability.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1373 35A-1373. Appointment by petition of standby guardian; petition, notice, hearing, order.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1374 35A-1374. Appointment by written designation; form.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1375 35A-1375. Determination of incapacity or debilitation.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1376 35A-1376. Restoration of capacity or ability; suspension of guardianship.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1377 35A-1377. Authority concurrent to parental rights.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1378 35A-1378. Powers and duties.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1379 35A-1379. Appointment of guardian ad litem.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1380 35A-1380. Bond.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1381 35A-1381. Accounting.[RTF] [PDF]
G.S. 35A-1382 35A-1382. Termination.[RTF] [PDF]