GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF NORTH CAROLINA
SESSION LAW 2007-547
SENATE BILL 1079
AN ACT providing protections for victims of human trafficking.
The General Assembly of North Carolina enacts:
SECTION 1. G.S. 14-43.11 reads as rewritten:
"§ 14-43.11. Human trafficking.
(a) A person commits the offense of human trafficking when that person knowingly recruits, entices, harbors, transports, provides, or obtains by any means another person with the intent that the other person be held in involuntary servitude or sexual servitude.
(b) A person who violates this section is guilty of a Class F felony if the victim of the offense is an adult. A person who violates this section is guilty of a Class C felony if the victim of the offense is a minor.
(c) Each violation of this section constitutes a separate offense and shall not merge with any other offense. Evidence of failure to deliver benefits or perform services standing alone shall not be sufficient to authorize a conviction under this section.
(d) A person who is not a legal resident of North Carolina, and would consequently be ineligible for State public benefits or services, shall be eligible for the public benefits and services of any State agency if the person is otherwise eligible for the public benefit and is a victim of an offense charged under this section. Eligibility for public benefits and services shall terminate at such time as the victim's eligibility to remain in the United States is terminated under federal law."
SECTION 2. G.S. 15A-830(7) reads as rewritten:
"(7) Victim. - A person against whom there is probable cause to believe one of the following crimes was committed:
a. A Class A, B1, B2, C, D, or E felony.
b. A Class F
felony if it is a violation of one of the following: G.S. 14-16.6(b); 14-16.6(c);
14-18; 14-32.1(e); 14-32.2(b)(3); 14-32.3(a); 14-32.4; 14-34.2; 14-34.6(c); 14-41;
14-43.6; 14-43.3; 14-43.11; 14-190.17; 14-190.19; 14-202.1; 14-277.3;
14-288.9; or 20-138.5.
SECTION 3. G.S. 15A-832 is amended by adding a new subsection to read:
"§ 15A-832. Responsibilities of the district attorney's office.
(h) When a person is a victim of a human trafficking offense and is entitled to benefits and services pursuant to G.S. 14-43.11(d), the district attorney's office shall so notify the Office of the Attorney General and Legal Aid of North Carolina, Inc., in addition to providing services under this Article."
SECTION 4. G.S. 15C-1 reads as rewritten:
"§ 15C-1. Purpose.
The purpose of this Chapter is to enable the State and the
agencies of North Carolina to respond to requests for public records without
disclosing the location of a victim of domestic violence, sexual offense,
stalking; stalking, or human trafficking; to enable interagency
cooperation in providing address confidentiality for victims of domestic
violence, sexual offense, or stalking; stalking, or human
trafficking; and to enable the State and its agencies to accept a program
participant's use of an address designated by the Office of the Attorney
General as a substitute address."
SECTION 5. G.S. 15C-2 reads as rewritten:
"§ 15C-2. Definitions.
The following definitions apply in this Chapter:
(4) Application assistant.
- An employee of an agency or nonprofit organization who provides counseling,
referral, shelter, or other specialized services to victims of domestic
violence, sexual offense,
or stalking stalking, or human trafficking and
who has been designated by the Attorney General to assist individuals with
applications to participate in the Address Confidentiality Program.
(10) Victim of domestic violence. - An individual against whom domestic violence, as described in G.S. 50B-1, has been committed.
(11) Victim of a sexual offense. - An individual against whom a sexual offense, as described in Article 7A of Chapter 14 of the General Statutes, has been committed.
(12) Victim of stalking. - An individual against whom stalking, as described in G.S. 14-277.3, has been committed.
(13) Victim of human trafficking. - An individual against whom human trafficking, as described in G.S. 14-43.11, has been committed."
SECTION 6. G. S. 15C-3 reads as rewritten:
"§ 15C-3. Address Confidentiality Program.
The General Assembly establishes the Address Confidentiality
Program in the Office of the Attorney General to protect the confidentiality of
the address of a relocated victim of domestic violence, sexual offense,
stalking stalking, or human trafficking to prevent the victim's
assailants or potential assailants from finding the victim through public
records. Under this Program, the Attorney General shall designate a substitute
address for a program participant and act as the agent of the program
participant for purposes of service of process and receiving and forwarding
first-class mail or certified or registered mail. The Attorney General shall
not be required to forward any mail other than first-class mail or certified or
registered mail to the program participant. The Attorney General shall not be
required to track or otherwise maintain records of any mail received on behalf
of a program participant unless the mail is certified or registered mail."
SECTION 7. G.S. 15C-4(c) reads as rewritten:
"(c) The application shall contain all of the following:
(1) A statement by the
applicant that the applicant is a victim of domestic violence, sexual offense,
stalking stalking, or human trafficking and that the applicant fears
for the applicant's safety or the safety of the applicant's child.
(2) Evidence that the
applicant is a victim of domestic violence, sexual offense,
or stalking. stalking,
or human trafficking. This evidence may include any of the following:
a. Law enforcement, court, or other federal or state agency records or files.
b. Documentation from a domestic violence program if the applicant is alleged to be a victim of domestic violence.
c. Documentation from a religious, medical, or other professional from whom the applicant has sought assistance in dealing with the alleged domestic violence, sexual offense, or stalking.
d. Documentation submitted to support a victim of human trafficking's application for federal assistance or benefits under federal human trafficking laws.
SECTION 8. G.S. 15C-10 reads as rewritten:
"§ 15C-10. Assistance for program applicants.
(a) The Attorney
General shall designate agencies of North Carolina and nonprofit organizations
that provide counseling and shelter services to victims of domestic violence,
or stalking stalking, or human trafficking to
assist individuals applying to be program participants. Any assistance and
counseling rendered by the Office of the Attorney General or its designee to
applicants shall in no way be construed as legal advice.
(b) The Attorney General, upon receiving notification pursuant to G.S. 15A-832(h), shall, within 96 hours of receiving the notification, issue the victim a letter of certification of eligibility or other relevant document entitling the person to have access to State benefits and services.
SECTION 9. G.S. 7A-474.2(1) reads as rewritten:
client" means a resident of North Carolina financially eligible for representation
under the Legal Services Corporation Act, regulations, and interpretations
adopted thereunder (45 C.F.R. § 1611, and subsequent
or a person entitled to State benefits or services pursuant to G.S. 14-43.11(d)."
SECTION 10. G.S. 7A-474.3(b) reads as rewritten:
"(b) Eligible Cases. Legal assistance shall be provided to eligible clients under this Article only in the following types of cases:
(1) Family violence or spouse abuse;
(2) Assistance for the disabled in obtaining federal Social Security benefits;
(2a) Assistance for eligible clients in obtaining benefits or assistance under any federal law or program providing benefits or assistance for human trafficking victims.
SECTION 11. The North Carolina Justice Academy shall establish protocols suitable for the training of State and local law enforcement officers. The protocols shall be made available to all State and local law enforcement agencies so that the agencies may conduct training on:
(1) The phenomenon of human trafficking and State and federal laws on human trafficking.
(2) How to recognize and identify victims of one or more of the practices set forth in G.S. 14-43.11, G.S. 14-43.12, or G.S. 14-43.13.
(3) Methods for protecting trafficking victims and possible trafficking victims, and advising them of their rights.
(4) Procedures and techniques for handling specialized needs of victims who may face cultural, language, and other barriers that impede ability to request and obtain available services.
Nothing in this section shall be construed to require the North Carolina Justice Academy to conduct training of State or local law enforcement officers.
SECTION 12. This act becomes effective December 1, 2007, and applies to offenses committed on or after that date.
In the General Assembly read three times and ratified this the 2nd day of August, 2007.
s/ Marc Basnight
President Pro Tempore of the Senate
s/ Joe Hackney
Speaker of the House of Representatives
s/ Michael F. Easley
Approved 10:20 p.m. this 31st day of August, 2007