GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF NORTH CAROLINA
HOUSE BILL 1487
AN ACT to clarify active membership in the state bar and allow inactive lawyers to provide pro bono legal services, to modify the number of members on the state bar council to equal the number of judicial districts plus sixteen, to allow law students to act as legal interns for government agencies and out‑of‑state lawyers to provide pro bono legal services, and to require that an out‑of‑state lawyer file a registration statement with the state bar.
The General Assembly of North Carolina enacts:
SECTION 1. G.S. 84‑16 reads as rewritten:
The membership of the North Carolina State Bar shall consist of two classes, active and inactive.
The active members shall be all
shall have heretofore obtained, or who shall hereafter obtain,
obtained a license or certificate, which shall at the time be
valid and effectual, entitling them to practice law in the State of North Carolina, who shall have paid the membership dues hereinafter specified, specified,
and who have satisfied all other obligations of membership. unless
classified as an inactive member by the Council as hereinafter provided. No
person other than a member of the North Carolina State Bar shall practice in
any court of the State except foreign attorneys as provided by statute.
statute and natural persons representing themselves.
Inactive members shall
be all be:
(1) All persons who have obtained a license to practice law in the State but who have been found by the Council to be not engaged in the practice of law and not holding themselves out as practicing attorneys and not occupying any public or private positions in which they may be called upon to give legal advice or counsel or to examine the law or to pass upon, adjudicate, or offer an opinion concerning the legal effect of any act, document, or law.
(2) Persons allowed by the Council solely to represent indigent clients on a pro bono basis under the supervision of an active member employed by a nonprofit corporation qualified to render legal services pursuant to G.S. 84‑5.1.
All active members shall be
required to pay annual membership fees, and shall have the right to vote in
elections held by the district bar in the judicial district in which the member
Provided, that if If a member desires to vote with the
bar of some district in which the member practices, other than that in which
the member resides, the member may do so by filing with the Secretary of the
North Carolina State Bar a statement in writing that the member desires to vote
in the other district: Provided, district; provided, however,
that in no case shall the member be entitled to vote in more than one district."
SECTION 2. G.S. 84‑17 reads as rewritten:
"§ 84‑17. Government.
The government of the North
Carolina State Bar is vested in a council of the North Carolina State Bar
referred to in this Chapter as the
"Council", which "Council."
The Council shall be composed of 55 a variable number of councilors
equal to the number of judicial districts plus 16, exclusive of
officers, except as hereinafter provided, to be appointed or elected as
hereinafter set forth, the officers of the North Carolina State Bar, who
shall be councilors during their respective terms of office, and each retiring
president of the North Carolina State Bar who shall be a councilor for one year
from the date of expiration of his term as president. Notwithstanding any other
provisions of the law, the North Carolina State Bar may acquire, hold, rent,
encumber, alienate, and otherwise deal with real or personal property in the
same manner as any private person or corporation, subject only to the approval
of the Governor and the Council of State as to the acquisition, rental,
encumbering, leasing and sale of real property. The Council shall be competent
to exercise the entire powers of the North Carolina State Bar in respect of the
interpretation and administration of this Article, the acquisition, lease,
sale, or mortgage of property, real or personal, the seeking of amendments hereto,
to this Chapter, and all other matters. There shall be one councilor
from each judicial district and 16 additional councilors as are
necessary to make the total number of councilors 55. councilors. The
additional councilors shall be allocated and reallocated by the North Carolina
State Bar every six years based on the number of active members of each
judicial district bar according to the records of the North Carolina State Bar
and in accordance with a formula to be adopted by the North Carolina State Bar,
to insure an allocation based on lawyer population of each judicial district
bar as it relates to the total number of active members of the State Bar.
A councilor whose seat has been eliminated due to a reallocation shall continue to serve on the Council until expiration of the remainder of the current term. A councilor whose judicial district is altered by the General Assembly during the councilor's term shall continue to serve on the Council until the expiration of the term and shall represent the district wherein the councilor resides or with which the councilor has elected to be affiliated. If before the alteration of the judicial district of the councilor the judicial district included both the place of residence and the place of practice of the councilor, and if after the alteration of the judicial district the councilor's place of residence and place of practice are located in different districts, the councilor must, not later than 10 days from the effective date of the alteration of the district, notify the Secretary of the North Carolina State Bar of an election to affiliate with and represent either the councilor's district of residence or district of practice.
In addition to the
councilors, there shall be three public members not licensed to practice law in
this or any other state who shall be appointed by the Governor. The public
members may vote and participate in all matters before the Council to the same
extent as councilors elected or appointed from the various judicial districts."
SECTION 3. G.S. 84‑8 reads as rewritten:
"§ 84‑8. Punishment for violations; legal clinics of law schools and certain law students and lawyers excepted.
Any person, corporation, or
association of persons violating the provisions of G.S. 84‑4 to
G.S. 84‑7 shall be guilty of a Class 1 misdemeanor. Provided,
that The provisions of G.S. 84‑4 to 84‑8 G.S. 84‑7
shall not apply to the following:
any Any law
school or law schools conducting a legal clinic and receiving as their
its clientage only those persons unable financially to compensate for
legal advice or services rendered. rendered and any law student
permitted by the North Carolina State Bar to act as a legal intern in such a
(2) Any law student permitted by the North Carolina State Bar to act as a legal intern for a federal, state, or local government agency.
(3) Any lawyer licensed by another state and permitted by the North Carolina State Bar to represent indigent clients on a pro bono basis under the supervision of active members employed by nonprofit corporations qualified to render legal services pursuant to G.S. 84‑5.1. This provision does not apply to a lawyer whose license has been suspended or revoked in any state."
SECTION 4. G.S. 84‑4.1(5) reads as rewritten:
"§ 84‑4.1. Limited practice of out‑of‑state attorneys.
Any attorney domiciled in another state, and regularly admitted to practice in the courts of record of and in good standing in that state, having been retained as attorney for a party to any civil or criminal legal proceeding pending in the General Court of Justice of North Carolina, the North Carolina Utilities Commission, the North Carolina Industrial Commission, the Office of Administrative Hearings of North Carolina, or any administrative agency, may, on motion, be admitted to practice in that forum for the sole purpose of appearing for a client in the proceeding. The motion required under this section shall be signed by the attorney and shall contain or be accompanied by:
(5) A statement to the effect
that the attorney has associated and is personally appearing in the proceeding,
with an attorney who is a resident of this
State State, has agreed to
be responsible for filing a registration statement with the North Carolina
State Bar, and is duly and legally admitted to practice in the General
Court of Justice of North Carolina, upon whom service may be had in all matters
connected with the legal proceedings, or any disciplinary matter, with the same
effect as if personally made on the foreign attorney within this State.
SECTION 5. This act is effective when it becomes law.
In the General Assembly read three times and ratified this the 29th day of June, 2007.
President Pro Tempore of the Senate
Speaker of the House of Representatives
Michael F. Easley
Approved __________.m. this ______________ day of ___________________, 2007