GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF NORTH CAROLINA
SESSION LAW 2009-558
SENATE BILL 958
AN ACT amending disciplinary proceedings of the north carolina medical board.
The General Assembly of North Carolina enacts:
SECTION 1.1. G.S 90‑1.1 is amended by adding the following new subdivision:
"(4a) Modality. – A method of medical treatment."
SECTION 1.2. G.S. 90‑14(a)(6) reads as rewritten:
"(6) Unprofessional conduct, including, but not
limited to, departure from, or the failure to conform to, the standards of
acceptable and prevailing medical practice, or the ethics of the medical
profession, irrespective of whether or not a patient is injured thereby, or the
committing of any act contrary to honesty, justice, or good morals, whether the
same is committed in the course of the
practice or otherwise, and whether committed within or without North Carolina.
The Board shall not revoke the license of or deny a license to a personperson,
or discipline a licensee in any manner, solely because of that person's
practice of a therapy that is experimental, nontraditional, or that departs
from acceptable and prevailing medical practices unless, by competent evidence,
the Board can establish that the treatment has a safety risk greater than the
prevailing treatment or that the treatment is generally not effective."
SECTION 1.3. G.S. 90‑14(g) reads as rewritten:
"(g) Prior to taking action against any licensee
practices integrative medicine for providing care not in accordance with
the standards of practice for the procedures or treatments administered, the
Board shall whenever practical consult with a licensee who practices
integrative medicine.licensee who routinely utilizes or is familiar with
the same modalities and who has an understanding of the standards of practice
for the modality administered. Information obtained as result of the
consultation shall be available to the licensee at the informal nonpublic precharge
SECTION 1.4. G.S. 90‑14 is amended by adding the following new subsections to read:
"(h) No investigation of a licensee shall be initiated upon the direction of a single member of the Board without another Board member concurring. A Board member shall not serve as an expert in determining the basis for the initiation of an investigation.
(i) At the time of first communication from the Board or agent of the Board to a licensee regarding a complaint or investigation, the Board shall provide notice in writing to the licensee that informs the licensee: (i) of the existence of any complaint or other information forming the basis for the initiation of an investigation; (ii) that the licensee may retain counsel; (iii) how the Board will communicate with the licensee regarding the investigation or disciplinary proceeding in accordance with subsections (m) and (n) of this section;(iv) that the licensee has a duty to respond to inquiries from the Board concerning any matter affecting the license, and all information supplied to the Board and its staff will be considered by the Board in making a determination with regard to the matter under investigation; (v) that the Board will complete its investigation within six months or provide an explanation as to why it must be extended; and (vi) that if the Board makes a decision to initiate public disciplinary proceedings, the licensee may request in writing an informal nonpublic precharge conference.
(j) After the Board has made a nonpublic determination to initiate disciplinary proceedings, but before public charges have been issued, the licensee requesting so in writing, shall be entitled to an informal nonpublic precharge conference. At least five days prior to the informal nonpublic precharge conference, the Board will provide to the licensee the following: (i) all relevant information obtained during an investigation, including exculpatory evidence except for information that would identify an anonymous complainant; (ii) the substance of any written expert opinion that the Board relied upon, not including information that would identify an anonymous complainant or expert reviewer; (iii) notice that the licensee may retain counsel, and if the licensee retains counsel all communications from the Board or agent of the Board regarding the disciplinary proceeding will be made through the licensee's counsel; (iv) notice that if a Board member initiated the investigation then that Board member will not participate in the adjudication of the matter before the Board or hearing committee; (v) notice that the Board may use an administrative law judge or designate hearing officers to conduct hearings as a hearing committee to take evidence; (vi) notice that the hearing shall proceed in the manner prescribed in Article 3A of Chapter 150B of the General Statutes and as otherwise provided in this Article; and (vii) any Board member who serves as a hearing officer in this capacity shall not serve as part of the quorum that determines the final agency decision. (k) Unless the conditions specified in G.S. 150B‑3(c) exist, the Board shall not seek to require of a licensee the taking of any action adversely impacting the licensee's medical practice or license without first giving notice of the proposed action, the basis for the proposed action, and information required under subsection (i) of this section.
(l) The Board shall complete any investigation initiated pursuant to this section no later than six months from the date of first communication required under subsection (i) of this section, unless the Board provides to the licensee a written explanation of the circumstances and reasons for extending the investigation.
(m) If a licensee retains counsel to represent the licensee in any matter related to a complaint, investigation, or proceeding, the Board shall communicate to the licensee through the licensee's counsel.
(n) Notwithstanding subsection (m) of this section, if the licensee has retained counsel and the Board has not made a nonpublic determination to initiate disciplinary proceedings, the Board may serve orders to produce, orders to appear, or provide notice that the Board will not be taking any further action against a licensee to both the licensee and the licensee's counsel."
SECTION 2. G.S. 90‑14.2 reads as rewritten:
"§ 90‑14.2. Hearing before disciplinary action.
(a) Before the Board shall take disciplinary
action against any license granted by it, the licensee shall be given a written
notice indicating the
general nature of the charges, accusation, or complaintcharges
made against him,the licensee, which notice may be prepared by a
committee or one or more members of the Board designated by the Board, and
stating that such the licensee will be given an opportunity to be
heard concerning such charges or complaintthe charges at a time
and place stated in such the notice, or at a time and place to be
thereafter designated by the Board, and the Board shall hold a public hearing
not less than 30 days from the date of the service of such notice upon such
the licensee, at which such the licensee may appear
personally and through counsel, may cross examine witnesses and present
evidence in his the licensee's own behalf. A physicianlicensee
who is mentally incompetent shall be represented at such hearing and shall be
served with notice as herein provided by and through a guardian ad litem
appointed by the clerk of the court of the county in which the physician has
his residence.licensee resides. Such The licensee or
physician may, if he desires,may file written answers to the charges
or complaints preferred against him within 30 days after the service of such
the notice, which answer shall become a part of the record but shall
not constitute evidence in the case.
(b) Once charges have been issued, neither counsel for the Board nor counsel for the respondent shall communicate ex parte, directly or indirectly, pertaining to a matter that is an issue of fact or a question of law with a hearing officer or Board member who is permitted to participate in a final decision in a disciplinary proceeding. In conducting hearings, the Board shall retain independent counsel to provide advice to the Board or any hearing committee constituted under G.S. 90‑14.5(a) concerning contested matters of procedure and evidence."
SECTION 3. G.S. 90‑14.5 reads as rewritten:
"§ 90‑14.5. Use of hearing committee and depositions; appointment of hearing officers.
TheExcept as provided in subsection (a1)
of this section, the Board, in its discretion, may designate in writing
three or more hearing officers to conduct hearings as a hearing committee to
take evidence. A majority of hearing officers participating in a hearing
committee shall be licensees of the Board. The Board shall make a
reasonable effort to include on the panel at least one physician licensed in
the same or similar specialty as the licensee against whom the complaint has
been filed. If a current or retired judge as described in G.S. 90‑1.1(2)
who is not a current or past Board member participates as a hearing officer,
the Board may elect not to retain independent counsel for the hearing
(a1) The Board may use an administrative law judge consistent with Article 3A of Chapter 150B of the General Statutes in lieu of a hearing committee so long as the Board has not alleged that the licensee failed to meet an applicable standard of medical care.
(b) Evidence and testimony may be presented at hearings before the Board or a hearing committee in the form of depositions before any person authorized to administer oaths in accordance with the procedure for the taking of depositions in civil actions in the superior court.
(c) The hearing committee shall submit a recommended
decision that contains findings of fact and conclusions of law to the Board.
Before the Board makes a final decision, it shall give each party an
opportunity to file written exceptions to the recommended decision made by the
hearing committee and to present oral arguments to the Board. A quorum of the
Board will issue a final decision. No member of the Board who served as a
member of the hearing committee described in subsection (a) of this section may
participate as a member of the quorum of the Board that issues a final agency decision.
(d) Hearing officers are entitled to receive per diem compensation and reimbursement for expenses as authorized by the Board. The per diem compensation shall not exceed the amount allowed by G.S. 90‑13.3."
SECTION 4. G.S. 90‑14.6 reads as rewritten:
"§ 90‑14.6. Evidence admissible.
(a) Except as otherwise provided in proceedings held
pursuant to this Article the Board shall admit and hear evidence in the same
manner and form as prescribed by law for civil actions. A complete record of
such evidence shall be made, together with the other proceedings incident to
(b) Subject to the North Carolina Rules of Civil Procedure and Rules of Evidence, in proceedings held pursuant to this Article, the individual under investigation may call witnesses, including medical practitioners licensed in the United States with training and experience in the same field of practice as the individual under investigation and familiar with the standard of care among members of the same health care profession in North Carolina. Witnesses shall not be restricted to experts certified by the American Board of Medical Specialties. A Board member shall not testify as an expert witness.
(c) Subject to the North Carolina Rules of Civil Procedure and Rules of Evidence, statements contained in medical or scientific literature shall be competent evidence in proceedings held pursuant to this Article. Documentary evidence may be received in the form of a copy or excerpt or may be incorporated by reference, if the materials so incorporated are available for examination by the parties. Upon timely request, a party shall be given an opportunity to compare the copy with the original if available.
(d) When evidence is not reasonably available under the Rules of Civil Procedure and Rules of Evidence to show relevant facts, then the most reliable and substantial evidence available shall be admitted.
(e) Any final agency decision of the Board shall be based upon a preponderance of the evidence admitted in the hearing."
SECTION 5. G.S. 90‑14.8 reads as rewritten:
"§ 90‑14.8. Appeal from Board's decision taking disciplinary action on a license.
(a) A licensee against whom the Board imposes any public disciplinary sanction, as authorized under G.S. 90‑14(a), may appeal such action.
A physician whose license is revoked or
suspended by the Board A licensee against whom any public disciplinary
sanction is imposed by the Board may obtain a review of the decision of the
Board in the Superior Court of Wake CountyCounty, or the county in
which the licensee resides, upon filing with the secretary of the Board a
written notice of appeal within 2030 days after the date of the
service of the decision of the Board, stating all exceptions taken to the
decision of the Board and indicating the court in which the appeal is to be
heard. The court shall schedule and hear the case within six months of the
filing of the appeal.
(c) Within 30 days after the receipt of a
notice of appeal as herein provided, the Board shall prepare, certify and file
with the clerk of the Superior Court
of Wake Countyin the county
where the notice of appeal has been filed the record of the case comprising
a copy of the charges, notice of hearing, transcript of testimony, and copies
of documents or other written evidence produced at the hearing, decision of the
Board, and notice of appeal containing exceptions to the decision of the Board."
SECTION 6. G.S. 90‑16(e1) reads as rewritten:
"(e1) When the Board receives a complaint regarding the care of a patient, the Board shall provide the licensee with a copy of the complaint as soon as practical and inform the complainant of the disposition of the Board's inquiry into the complaint and the Board's basis for that disposition. If providing a copy of the complaint identifies an anonymous complainant or compromises the integrity of an investigation, the Board shall provide the licensee with a summary of all substantial elements of the complaint. Upon written request of a patient, the Board may provide the patient a licensee's written response to a complaint filed by the patient with the Board regarding the patient's care. Upon written request of a complainant, who is not the patient but is authorized by State and federal law to receive protected health information about the patient, the Board may provide the complainant a licensee's written response to a complaint filed with the Board regarding the patient's care. Any information furnished to the patient or complainant pursuant to this subsection shall be inadmissible in evidence in any civil proceeding. However, information, documents, or records otherwise available are not immune from discovery or use in a civil action merely because they were included in the Board's review or were the subject of information furnished to the patient or complainant pursuant to this subsection."
SECTION 7. This act becomes effective October 1, 2009, and applies to investigative or disciplinary actions initiated on or after that date.
In the General Assembly read three times and ratified this the 6th day of August, 2009.
s/ Marc Basnight
President Pro Tempore of the Senate
s/ Joe Hackney
Speaker of the House of Representatives
s/ Beverly E. Perdue
Approved 10:52 a.m. this 28th day of August, 2009